CROSS Topic Paper
Torre Windsor building fire - Madrid
The 30 storey Torre Windsor office building consisted of a reinforced concrete frame and steel load-bearing mullions around the perimeter. A refurbishment programme was commenced in 2005 to bring the building up to current fire standards through the installation of active fire prevention and resistance measures.
Subsequent studies concluded that the fire spread as a consequence of the lack of operational fire doors, fire stopping and through radiant heat. Cladding failure worsened the situation by allowing the fire to spread between floors.
Note: this Topic Paper was published by SCOSS (Standing Committee on Structural Safety). Since March 2021, SCOSS is integrated under the name Collaborative Reporting for Safer Structures (CROSS).
Who should read this?
Building owners, Principal Designers and Principal Contractors, architects and designers, structural engineers, fire engineers, fire protection installers, regulators.
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